Whitening is the process of removing the discoloration that occurs in the structure of the teeth (enamel and dentin layer). There are two different whitening methods currently known. The first of these is a method that the patient can apply on his own, the stages are as follows. Physician to take measurements from the mouth and prepare thin rubber molds that you can put on your teeth, The patient places a medicine in a special mold prepared for him and puts this mold on the teeth to be whitened for at least 6 - 8 hours a day (preferably asleep), Termination of the treatment in an average of 1 - 4 weeks. The second method is the whitening performed by a physician in the clinic, which is applied as follows: The bleaching drug is placed on the tooth by a physician experienced in this procedure. A white light source is kept on the relevant tooth for a certain period of time. When the process is finished, the result is immediately observed. Although both methods are effective, the choice depends on the degree of discoloration, how quickly the treatment is desired to be terminated, and the opinion of the physician.
Why do unwanted stains occur on teeth?
There may be many reasons for this. The most common ones are; aging, consumption of substances that stain teeth (coffee, tea, cola, cigarettes, etc.), traumas, old prostheses, veneers, fillings. Antibiotic (tetracycline) or excessive fluoride consumption used during the formation of teeth can also lead to discoloration of the teeth. This may be due to the structure of the tooth, or due to the staining of dental factors, due to antibiotics or fluoride taken during the developmental period, old age, and a blow to the tooth.
Who can the Bleaching process be applied to?
Almost everyone! However, there are some situations where treatment may not be effective. Your dentist will determine whether the teeth are suitable for this procedure with a complete intraoral check and diagnosis. If your teeth are healthy, it is an ideal solution for a whiter and natural smile.
Is the Bleaching (Teeth Whitening) process difficult and troublesome?
No! Thanks to advances in oral health technology, your teeth can be whitened safely and effectively in a very short time. Is it safe? Yes! According to studies, teeth whitening is extremely effective and safe if done under the supervision of your dentist. Teeth and gums are not damaged in any way.
How long is the application period?
Generally, whitening starts in the first application. However, to achieve the ideal image, the application should continue for 10 – 14 days. Will teeth go back to normal after whitening? Teeth will always be whiter than before. However, depending on the habits and oral care of the patients, reinforcement therapy may be required once or twice a year. In summary, what is important for this treatment to be successful? Brand and content of the drug used Being under the treatment of an experienced physician
Bleaching (Teeth Whitening) Methods
Teeth whitening (bleaching) methods are collected in three main groups:
1- Chemical Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
2- Photothermal Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
3- Photochemical Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
Chemical Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
In this technique, tooth whitening gel is applied to the teeth with the help of specially made tooth molds. However, it should be noted that chemical teeth whitening technique may have some negative effect on tooth enamel. These chemicals, which can also be sold among various cosmetic products, must be used under the supervision of a dentist.
Photothermal Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
In this method, a certain amount of special gel is also used. However, unlike the previous method, it is applied with the help of a special high-energy beam. The light source may consist of a series of LEDs or a diode-laser. Again, this method should be done under the supervision of a dentist, as there may be possible negative effects.
Photochemical Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
In this method of teeth whitening, the whitening gel is activated using a UV-lamp (blue light) or a KTP laser (green light). The feature that distinguishes this method from others is that the light source used also has a whitening effect on the teeth (photooxidation). This application provides a deeper whitening on the teeth. When using UV-Light, the surrounding tissues (lips, gums, tongue, etc.) should be well protected against possible burn injuries. There is no risk of burning when using the KTP laser, but the gums must be protected against leakage of the whitening gel (gingiva block). A great advantage of whitening with KTP laser is; As a result of extensive scientific research, side effects on tooth enamel have not been observed. Fluoride application after teeth whitening strengthens tooth enamel and prevents decay.
What is a laser and how is it obtained?
Lasers are devices that produce monochromatic, flat, intense, single-phase monochromic light. It can be colorless as well as colored. Visibility is related to wavelength. This wavelength and power determine the field of use in medicine. With the help of the laser, electromagnetic waves are strengthened and aligned.