Pedodontics (Pediatric Dentistry) is a department that aims to protect the milk and permanent teeth of 0-13 age group children in a healthy manner and to eliminate the problems caused by caries, trauma, hereditary and similar factors in these teeth.
Importance of Milk Teeth
There are 20 milk teeth in total. The primary task of milk teeth is to provide nutrition to the child. In addition, the proper development of speech also depends on the presence of milk teeth. Milk teeth protect the area they cover for the permanent tooth that will replace them and guide it while the permanent tooth is erupting. When the primary tooth is pulled out early, this natural place-holding function also disappears. The primary aim of pediatric dentistry is to take measures to prevent dental problems and to guide children to a caries-free future. The procedures applied for this purpose are called Preventive Dentistry Practices.
Among the preventive practices to prevent dental caries, great importance is attached to educating the child and his family about oral and dental health and nutrition. In our clinic, tooth brushing technique is applied to our patients. Superficial fluoride and fissure sealant treatments are among the preventive dentistry applications.
It is a fluid filling material that closes the deep and decay-prone fissures (grooves) on the chewing surfaces of permanent teeth and does not allow bacteria to reach there, thus preventing caries. Fissure sealant applications should be checked every 6 months.
Fluorine is an element that prevents tooth decay and strengthens the structure of teeth. Since the enamel is not fully mature when the teeth first erupt, newly erupted teeth are generally less resistant to caries and are prone to caries formation. Fluoride strengthens the enamel, protects the tooth against acid attacks and thus helps prevent the formation of dental caries. Professional superficial fluoride application is a protective method that can only be applied by dentists. Superficial fluoride should be applied by a dentist every 6 months. Tooth Decay Dental caries is a disease that starts with the destruction of dental hard tissues by acids produced as a result of fermentation of nutrients by bacteria on the tooth. Especially in early childhood, when foods such as honey, sugar or biscuit milk are placed in a bottle during sleep and given to the child, and the pacifier is dipped in sugary foods, common bruises seen in young children are called bottle cavities.
One of the most common problems in childhood is traumatic injuries. The treatment is performed by taking into account the age of the patient, the degree of injury, the region, the tissues of interest and the general condition of the patient. Placeholders In early loss of primary teeth, appliances called placeholders are used to protect the place of the permanent tooth that will come from below. Space maintainers are appliances that prevent the neighboring teeth from moving into the extraction space, thus preventing the permanent tooth from being impacted or protruding from a different place, thus preventing future orthodontic disorders.
The treatment of children who are compatible with the dentist is performed in clinical conditions, and the treatment of mentally retarded or anxious children is performed under sedation or general anesthesia.